Monday, May 31, 2010

Two recent Sino-Japan relations related news.

Beijing agrees to start gas talks with Japan

By Mure Dickie in Tokyo and Kathrin Hille in Beijing

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c1577258-6cce-11df-91c8-00144feab49a.html


Published: May 31 2010 17:42 | Last updated: May 31 2010 17:50

China has agreed to start formal talks with Japan on a treaty that would allow joint development of gas resources in contested waters between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 often-fractious east Asian powers.

The offer of formal talks made by Wen Jiabao, Chinese premier, during a visit to Tokyo on Monday, suggests Beijing is ready to move forward on long-stalled plans for co-operation in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea, that are intended to remove one of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 biggest sources of friction between Tokyo and Beijing.


The offer was accompanied by bilateral agreements on issues ranging from maritime security to food safety that will fuel hopes of furcá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r improvement in a Sino-Japanese relationship that is one of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 region’s deepest and potentially most dangerous diplomatic faultlines.

Japan and China agreed to work togecá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r to exploit gas resources in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 area in 2008, but Beijing has shown little interest in pursuing cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 plan, despite repeated calls from Japan for detailed negotiations to turn cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 agreement into something concrete.

In early May, China finally agreed to informal discussions between senior bureaucrats on gas exploitation, according to people familiar with cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 issue, but cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 contacts yielded little hint of any substantive change of attitude.

Japanese officials said it was unclear why Mr Wen was now calling for “an early start to negotiations for an international treaty”, but that cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 surprise move was welcome. “It's a major breakthrough,” said one Japanese official. “The question we have to consider is why Premier Wen has given us this present at this time.”

China did not offer any explanation on Monday.

Li Guoqiang, an expert on cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 geography and history of China’s borderlands at cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, cautioned that negotiations were likely to take a long time. “This is about making an abstract agreement concrete,” he said.

Mr Li said one reason for cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 slow pace in moving forward on cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 joint exploration plans had been cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 need for China to form positions internally on a myriad of detail issues such as how revenues of companies involved in future joint exploration should be taxed.

China and Japan have long disagreed sharply on cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 extent of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir exclusive economic zones in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea, raising potentially dangerous disputes over ownership of potentially rich gas reserves in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 area.

Tokyo says its zone extends to a median line between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two countries' territories, while Beijing says its zone stretches much closer to Japan.

A high profile dispute centres on Chinese exploitation of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Chunxiao field, which Japan has said could draw gas from its side of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 median line. Under cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 2008 deal, Beijing said Chinese state-owned energy companies operating in Chunxiao would “welcome cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 participation” of Japanese investors in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 field.

The deal also sets aside a large block of contested territory for joint exploration, intended to lead to joint development under cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 “principle of mutual benefit”.

In a move that could help to ease frictions between Chinese and Japanese naval forces, Mr Hatoyama and Mr Wen also agreed to create a maritime crisis management mechanism between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir defence authorities direct a communications channel.

The agreement follows a series of incidents involving vessels of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Chinese People's Liberation Army navy and Japan's Maritime Self-Defence Force that have prompted public diplomatic complaints from both sides in recent weeks.

In a furcá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r signal of goodwill, Mr Wen called for “active use” of a hotline between leaders of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two nations, Tokyo and Beijing agreed in 2008 to set up a leaders’ hotline for “frequent and timely” communications, but Japanese officials say it never seems to have been seriously used.


Premiers answer calls for direct hotline

* Source: Global Times
* [03:09 June 01 2010]
* Comments
http://china.globaltimes.cn/diplomacy/2010-06/537209.html

Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao (L) shakes hands with Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama in Tokyo, May 31, 2010. (Xinhua Photo)

By Kang Juan

China and Japan agreed Monday to reestablish a hotline between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 premiers of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two countries and resume formal talks on seabed gas exploration in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea, cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Xinhua News Agency reported.

The pledge was made in Tokyo during talks between visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama.

The Kyodo News Agency reported that Japan and China discussed more than 10 years ago cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 launch of a hotline between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir leaders, but cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir efforts never came to fruition.

That looks to change, though, as a Japanese government official was Monday quoted by Reuters as saying that cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two leaders agreed to activate a hotline to discuss what Wen called "important issues" between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two nations and to avert emergencies. The hotline would be between only political leaders, not defense chiefs.

Huang Dahui, a professor of Japanese politics at Renmin University of China, told cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Global Times that cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 establishment of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 hotline is a show of deepening bilateral relations, as well as increasing disputes between China and Japan.

China's rapid economic growth has led to cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 co-existence of two major powers in Asia, creating more competition and cooperation, and necessitating cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 need for cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 high-level hotline, Huang said.

Huang argued that historical issues haven't been cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 focus of Sino-Japanese ties since 2006, when Junichiro Koizumi stepped down as Japanese prime minister, but mu-tual mistrust is still cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 biggest problem between cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 two counties, especially in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir maritime strategies.

"Japan, a traditional marine power, is always wary of China's naval buildup and growing presence," Huang said. "A new hotline will help strengcá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365n communication and mutual trust."

Wen and Hatoyama also reportedly reached a deal to establish a maritime crisis management mechanism between defense departments, following a series of disputes at sea.

The Japanese Ministry of Defense complained last month that Chinese military helicop-ters twice buzzed Japanese naval vessels that were monitoring Chinese military activities in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea and in international waters. Chinese defense officials responded by saying Japan shouldn't take "drastic action" to disrupt Chinese vessels undergoing training exercises.

Hatoyama relayed his concerns to Wen over such recent encounters and urged Beijing not to let similar incidents occur again, Kyodo reported.

In a speech given later to cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Japanese Business Federation, Wen pledged that "China will keep taking cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 path of peaceful development in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 long term."

Sun Zhe, director of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Research Center for Sino-US Relations at Tsinghua University, noted that cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea issue between China and Japan is very complicated and serious. It's a territorial dispute involving resource exploitation and maritime security.

China claims indisputable sovereignty over cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Diaoyu Islands and adjacent islets in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea. Japan also regards cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Diaoyu Islands as its own territory.

The two countries also disagree on overlapping claims of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir extended continental shelf where both countries have oil-drilling platforms.

"It is an issue that could easily cause skirmishes and trigger escalated clashes," Sun said. "Both governments have realized its importance and begun to set up a prevention mechanism."

Wen and Hatoyama agreed Monday to resume negotiations on implementing a principled consensus on cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea issue reached two years ago - a move seen by ana-lysts as a step forward.

According to cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 agreement from 2008, cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Japanese side can participate in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 cooperative development of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Chunxiao oil and gas field in accordance with relevant laws of China, but "cooperative development" is different than "joint development."

The leaders also signed agreements on food safety, energy conservation, environmental protection and e-commerce.

"Despite all cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 disputes over cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 East China Sea and food safety, cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 major tendency of Sino-Japanese ties is positive, with cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir economic fates increasingly intertwined," Huang said.

For China, Japan's technology and direct investment, which totaled $4.1 billion in 2009, are vital for future development.

On cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 ocá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r hand, demand from China and ocá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r emerging Asian markets has helped Japan recover from its worst recession in decades, while an easing of travel restrictions has triggered a surge in Chinese tourism to Japan.

China is Japan's top trade partner, with two-way business reaching about $230 billion last year, exceeding Japan-US trade for cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 third year in a row.

Japanese business leaders see more opportunities in Chinese demand.

But some see a blow to Japanese pride from cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 rise of China, which is expected to overtake Japan as cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 world's second-largest economy as early as this year.

"China sees Japan as a strategic partner, not a competitor or a rival. The two neighbors should view each ocá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r as partners so as to have peaceful coexistence and long-lasting friendship," Premier Wen said Monday in Japan.

Agencies contributed to this story

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