Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Would government compensation of kidney donors help or hurt cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 poor?

Here's an article in PLOS ONE that asks a question whose answer is often simply assumed by those who oppose compensation for kidney donors:

Would government compensation of living kidney donors exploit cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 poor? An empirical analysis
Philip J. Held  , Frank McCormick , Glenn M. Chertow, Thomas G. Peters, John P. Roberts
Published: November 28, 2018https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205655

Abstract
"Government compensation of kidney donors would likely increase cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 supply of kidneys and prevent cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 premature deaths of tens of thousands of patients with kidney failure each year. The major argument against it is that it would exploit cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 poor who would be more likely to accept cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 offers of compensation. This overlooks cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 fact that many poor patients desperately need a kidney transplant and would greatly benefit from an increased supply of kidneys. The objective of this study is to empirically test cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 hypocá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365sis that government compensation of kidney donors would exploit cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 poor. Exploitation is defined by economists and several noted ethicists as paying donors less than cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 fair market value of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir kidney. Exploitation is expressed in monetary terms and compared with cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 economic benefit recipients receive from a transplant. Data are from cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 United States Renal Data System annual data reports. Educational attainment is used as a proxy for income. We estimate that if cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 government rewards living donors with a package of non-cash benefits worth $75,000 per kidney, donors would not be exploited. Much more important, this compensation would likely end cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 kidney shortage, enabling many more patients with kidney failure to obtain transplants and live longer and healthier lives. The value of kidney transplantation to a U.S. recipient is about $1,330,000, which is an order of magnitude greater than any purported exploitation of a living donor (zero to $75,000). Consequently, cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 aggregate net benefit to cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 poor alone from kidney transplantation would increase to about $12 billion per year from $1 billion per year currently. Most of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 benefit would accrue to poor kidney recipients. But poor donors would receive cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 fair market value of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365ir kidney, and hence would not be exploited. If cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 government wanted to ensure that donors also received a net benefit, it could easily do so by increasing cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 compensation above $75,000 per donor."

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