Monday, May 22, 2006

Host Fingerprinting with SinFP

I tried SinFP today. It's a host fingerprinting tool by Patrice Auffret, owner of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 cat. The SinFP feature I find interesting is its lack of using odd packets (a la Nmap) to discover remote operating systems.

I tried installing SinFP using CPAN on FreeBSD 6.0, but I got cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 following errors.

cpan> install Net::SinFP
CPAN: Storable loaded ok
LWP not available
Fetching with Net::FTP:
ftp://archive.progeny.com/CPAN/authors/01mailrc.txt.gz
Going to read /usr/local/cpan/sources/authors/01mailrc.txt.gz
LWP not available
Fetching with Net::FTP:
ftp://archive.progeny.com/CPAN/modules/02packages.details.txt.gz
Going to read /usr/local/cpan/sources/modules/02packages.details.txt.gz
Database was generated on Sun, 21 May 2006 09:26:33 GMT
HTTP::Date not available

There's a new CPAN.pm version (v1.87) available!
[Current version is v1.7602]
You might want to try
install Bundle::CPAN
reload cpan
without quitting cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 current session. It should be a seamless upgrade
while we are running...

LWP not available
...edited...
Running install for module Net::SinFP
Running make for G/GO/GOMOR/Net-SinFP-1.01.tar.gz
LWP not available
Fetching with Net::FTP:
ftp://archive.progeny.com/CPAN/authors/id/G/GO/GOMOR/Net-SinFP-1.01.tar.gz
CPAN: Digest::MD5 loaded ok
LWP not available
Fetching with Net::FTP:
ftp://archive.progeny.com/CPAN/authors/id/G/GO/GOMOR/CHECKSUMS
Checksum for /usr/local/cpan/sources/authors/id/G/GO/GOMOR/Net-SinFP-1.01.tar.gz ok
Scanning cache /usr/local/cpan/build for sizes
x Net-SinFP-1.01/
x Net-SinFP-1.01/lib/
x Net-SinFP-1.01/lib/Net/
x Net-SinFP-1.01/lib/Net/SinFP/
x Net-SinFP-1.01/lib/Net/SinFP/DB/
x Net-SinFP-1.01/lib/Net/SinFP/DB/SystemClass.pm
...edited...
t/01-use....Can't locate DBIx/SQLite/Simple.pm in @INC (@INC contains:
/usr/local/cpan/build/Net-SinFP-1.01/blib/lib /usr/local/cpan/build/Net-SinFP-1.01/blib/arch
/usr/local/lib/perl5/5.8.8/BSDPAN /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.8/mach
/usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.8 /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl
/usr/local/lib/perl5/5.8.8/mach /usr/local/lib/perl5/5.8.8 .) at
/usr/local/cpan/build/Net-SinFP-1.01/blib/lib/Net/SinFP.pm line 72.
Compilation failed in require at t/01-use.t line 4.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at t/01-use.t line 4.
t/01-use....dubious
Test returned status 2 (wstat 512, 0x200)
DIED. FAILED test 1
Failed 1/1 tests, 0.00% okay
Failed Test Stat Wstat Total Fail Failed List of Failed
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
t/01-use.t 2 512 1 2 200.00% 1
Failed 1/1 test scripts, 0.00% okay. 1/1 subtests failed, 0.00% okay.
*** Error code 2

Stop in /usr/local/cpan/build/Net-SinFP-1.01.
/usr/bin/make test -- NOT OK
Running make install
make test had returned bad status, won't install without force

That's no good. Next I tried downloading cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 tar.gz archive, which did work.

orr:/usr/local/src# fetch http://umn.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/sinfp/SinFP-1.01-6.tar.gz
SinFP-1.01-6.tar.gz 100% of 2524 kB 470 kBps
orr:/usr/local/src# tar -xzvf SinFP-1.01-6.tar.gz
x SinFP-1.01-6/
x SinFP-1.01-6/LICENSE
x SinFP-1.01-6/LICENSE.Artistic
x SinFP-1.01-6/Makefile
x SinFP-1.01-6/dbi/
x SinFP-1.01-6/dbi/DBI-1.50/
x SinFP-1.01-6/dbi/DBI-1.50/Changes
...edited...
orr:/usr/local/src# cd SinFP-1.01-6
orr:/usr/local/src/SinFP-1.01-6# make
cd dbi && GOMOR_PATH=/usr/local/sinfp perl Makefile.PL && make install
...edited...
Manifying ../blib/man3/Net::Write.3
Manifying ../blib/man3/Net::Write::Layer4.3
orr:/usr/local/src/SinFP-1.01-6# make install
cd dbd-sqlite && GOMOR_PATH=/usr/local/sinfp make install
...edited...
Installing /usr/local/sinfp/bin/sinfp.pl
Installing /usr/local/sinfp/bin/np-anon-pcap.pl
Writing /usr/local/sinfp/lib/auto/gomor/.packlist
FreeBSD: Registering installation in cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 package database
Appending installation info to /usr/local/lib/perl5/5.8.8/mach/perllocal.pod
if [ ! -d /usr/local/sinfp/bin ]; cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365n mkdir /usr/local/sinfp/bin; fi
if [ ! -d /usr/local/sinfp/db ]; cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365n mkdir /usr/local/sinfp/db ; fi
rm -rf /usr/local/sinfp/bin/*
cp gomor/Net-SinFP-*/sinfp.pl /usr/local/sinfp/bin/
cp gomor/Net-SinFP-*/np-anon-pcap.pl /usr/local/sinfp/bin/
cp gomor/Net-SinFP-*/sinfp.db /usr/local/sinfp/db/

That worked. Now I had a few new programs to try:

orr:/usr/local/src/SinFP-1.01-6# cd /usr/local/sinfp/bin/
orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ls
np-anon-pcap.pl sinfp.pl
orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl

-- SinFP - 1.01 --

Usage: sinfp.pl -i targetIp [-p openTcpPort] [-d device] [-f pcapFile]
[-I sourceIp] [-r retryNumber] [-t timeout] [-v]
[-m targetMac (for IPv6)] [-M sourceMac (for IPv6)]
[-s signatureFile]
[-4 | -6]
[-P] [-F filter]
[-H]
[-O]

-4: default, use IPv4 fingerprinting
-6: use IPv6 fingerprinting
-k: keep generated pcap file. Not by default.
-P: passive fingerprinting
-F: pcap filter for passive fingerprinting
-H: use HEURISTIC2 mode to match signatures
(mostly used as a human helper, or for passive OSFP)
-O: print only operating system

Let's try profiling a nearby Win XP SP2 box:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 192.168.2.3 -p 445
T1: B11111 F0x12 W16616 O0204ffff M1460
T2: B11111 F0x12 W17520 O0204ffff010303000101080a000000000000000001010402 M1460
T3: B11011 F0x04 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: EXACT/FULL: Windows: Microsoft: Windows: 2000 (2000 srv SP2)
IPv4: EXACT/FULL: Windows: Microsoft: Windows: XP (XP pro SP2)

Here is cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 traffic:

1. 16:04:36.260439 IP 192.168.2.5.52221 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670681:1284670681(0) win 5840
2. 16:04:36.261074 IP 192.168.2.5.52221 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670681:1284670681(0) win 5840
3. 16:04:36.261321 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52221: S 3314059019:3314059019(0) ack 1284670682
win 16616 mss 1460
4. 16:04:36.261385 IP 192.168.2.5.52221 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670682:1284670682(0) win 0
5. 16:04:36.261439 IP 192.168.2.5.52222 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670682:1284670682(0) win 5840
mss 1460,timestamp 1145389380 0,wscale 1,sackOK,eol
6. 16:04:36.261828 IP 192.168.2.5.52223 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670683:1284670683(0) ack 1457354825
win 5840
7. 16:04:36.262164 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52221: S 3314059019:3314059019(0) ack 1284670682
win 16616 mss 1460
8. 16:04:36.262207 IP 192.168.2.5.52221 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670682:1284670682(0) win 0
9. 16:04:36.262357 IP 192.168.2.5.52221 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670682:1284670682(0) win 0
10. 16:04:36.269336 IP 192.168.2.5.52222 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670682:1284670682(0) win 5840
mss 1460,timestamp 1145389380 0,wscale 1,sackOK,eol
11. 16:04:36.270075 IP 192.168.2.5.52223 > 192.168.2.3.445: S 1284670683:1284670683(0) ack 1457354825
win 5840
12. 16:04:36.275180 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52222: S 574001478:574001478(0) ack 1284670683
win 17520 mss 1460,nop,wscale 0,nop,nop,timestamp 0 0,nop,nop,sackOK
13. 16:04:36.275252 IP 192.168.2.5.52222 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670683:1284670683(0) win 0
14. 16:04:36.275759 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52222: S 574001478:574001478(0) ack 1284670683
win 17520 mss 1460,nop,wscale 0,nop,nop,timestamp 0 0,nop,nop,sackOK
15. 16:04:36.275805 IP 192.168.2.5.52222 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670683:1284670683(0) win 0
16. 16:04:36.275958 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52223: R 1457354825:1457354825(0) win 0
17. 16:04:36.276265 IP 192.168.2.3.445 > 192.168.2.5.52223: R 1457354825:1457354825(0) win 0
18. 16:04:36.276915 IP 192.168.2.5.52222 > 192.168.2.3.445: R 1284670683:1284670683(0) win 0

What strikes me about this traffic is cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 fact that it is not incredibly unusual. Sure, cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 pattern is not normal (cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365re's no reason for cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 scanning host to send a SYN ACK packet), but cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 average sys admin is not going to detect this sort of reconnaissance. Here's cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 pattern.

  1. Scanner: SYN

  2. Scanner: SYN

  3. Target replies: SYN ACK

  4. Scanner tears down: RST

  5. Scanner: SYN with options

  6. Scanner: unsolicied SYN ACK

  7. Target replies to SYN: SYN ACK

  8. Scanner tears down: RST

  9. Scanner tears down: RST

  10. Scanner: SYN with options

  11. Scanner: unsolicied SYN ACK

  12. Target replies to SYN: SYN ACK

  13. Scanner tears down: RST

  14. Target replies to SYN: SYN ACK

  15. Scanner tears down: RST

  16. Target replies: RST

  17. Target replies: RST

  18. Scanner tears down: RST


Here are a few ocá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365r runs. First, against

richard@janney:~$ uname -a
Linux janney 2.4.27-3-686-smp #1 SMP Wed Feb 8 12:27:28 UTC 2006 i686 GNU/Linux

Linux on i386:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 192.168.2.7 -p 22
T1: B10111 F0x12 W5840 O0204ffff M1460
T2: B10111 F0x12 W5792 O0204ffff0402080affffffff4445414401030300 M1460
T3: B11110 F0x04 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: EXACT/FULL: GNU/Linux: OSS: Linux: 2.6.x (2.6.3)

Next,

richard@thornton:~$ uname -a
Linux thornton 2.6.8-2-32-smp #1 SMP Wed Aug 24 17:55:41 UTC 2005 parisc GNU/Linux

Linux on PA-RISC:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 192.168.2.15 -p 22
T1: B10111 F0x12 W5840 O0204ffff M1460
T2: B10111 F0x12 W5792 O0204ffff0402080affffffff4445414401030300 M1460
T3: B11110 F0x04 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: EXACT/FULL: GNU/Linux: OSS: Linux: 2.6.x (2.6.3)

Next, against cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 earlier Windows box, to a closed port:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 192.168.2.3 -p 22
T1: B11001 F0x14 W0 O0 M0
T2: B11001 F0x14 W0 O0 M0
T3: B11011 F0x04 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: unknown

Against www.freebsd.org:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 216.136.204.117 -p 80
T1: B11111 F0x12 W57344 O0204ffff M1460
T2: B11111 F0x12 W57344 O0204ffff010303000101080affffffff44454144 M1460
T3: B00000 F0 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: BSD: OSS: FreeBSD: 4.7
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: BSD: OSS: FreeBSD: 4.9
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: BSD: OSS: FreeBSD: 4.10
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: BSD: OSS: FreeBSD: 4.11 (4.11-RELEASE)

Against one of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 www.microsoft.com IPs:

orr:/usr/local/sinfp/bin# ./sinfp.pl -i 207.46.198.30 -p 80
T1: B11011 F0x12 W16384 O0204ffff M1460
T2: B11011 F0x12 W16384 O0204ffff010303000101080a000000000000000001010402 M1460
T3: B00000 F0 W0 O0 M0
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: Windows: Microsoft: Windows: 2000
IPv4: EXACT/FIREWALLED: Windows: Microsoft: Windows: 2003 (2003 SP1)

Give SinFP a try and let me know what you think as a comment here.

Incidentally, I am definitely not a "cat person." I am a dog person.

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

hi,
i downloaded SinFP-1.01-6 and when i tried to 'make' it is omitting following errors, is cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365re any soultion for that.


make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/robot/tools/SinFP-1.01-6/dbi'
cd dbd-sqlite && GOMOR_PATH=/usr/local/sinfp perl -Mlib=../dbi-tmp/lib Makefile.PL && make
Checking installed SQLite version...
SQLite version must be at least 3.1.3. No header file at that
version or higher was found. Using cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 local version instead.
Warning: prerequisite DBI 1.21 not found.
Writing Makefile for DBD::SQLite
Writing Makefile for dbd-sqlite
make[1]: Entering directory `/home/robot/tools/SinFP-1.01-6/dbd-sqlite'
make[2]: Entering directory `/home/robot/tools/SinFP-1.01-6/dbd-sqlite/DBD-SQLite-1.12'
/usr/bin/perl /usr/lib/perl5/5.8.0/ExtUtils/xsubpp -typemap /usr/lib/perl5/5.8.0/ExtUtils/typemap SQLite.xs > SQLite.xsc && mv SQLite.xsc SQLite.c
Cannot open 'SQLite.xsi': No such file or directory in SQLite.xs, line 72
make[2]: *** [SQLite.c] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/robot/tools/SinFP-1.01-6/dbd-sqlite/DBD-SQLite-1.12'
make[1]: *** [subdirs] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/robot/tools/SinFP-1.01-6/dbd-sqlite'
make: *** [build] Error 2


Thanks

Anonymous said...

There are some things that astonish me quite a bit.

1. Your tcpdump capture
There should not be redundant packets. In your capture, we can see two times cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 same SYN (1 and 2). So, two times cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 same RST ... it is bizarre to see cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365se two SYNs sent nearly at cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 same time. Are you running under a vmware host to launch sinfp ?

2. A Linux 2.4.x flagged as a 2.6.x
If I understand correctly, your first test (after cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Windows box) is targetted to a Linux 2.4.27-smp. And sinfp tells it is a 2.6.x. I have never seen that. Are you sure of your target ?

3. The test against www.freebsd.org
You appear to be running some sort of stateful inspection device in output of your network, because when I test www.freebsd.org, I got cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 response for test 3, and cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 signature matches fully (FULL, not FIREWALLED match).

Richard Bejtlich said...

Hi Gomor,

1. I ran SinFP on FreeBSD 6.0 on my laptop, not VMware. I just tried cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 same test twice more and got different results each time. Here are three pcaps for cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 tests against cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 Windows box from my laptop: win0.lpc - win1.lpc - win2.lpc

2. I am sure of cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 target.

3. I have a Linksys WRT54G connected to my cable modem. I will have to compare what I can see at cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 laptop with what cá cược thể thao bet365_cách nạp tiền vào bet365_ đăng ký bet365 WRT54G allows out.